About the Region
The region of Campania is located in southern Italy. The territory borders the Tyrrhenian Sea and is comprised of five provinces: Naples, Benevento, Avellino, Caserta, and Salerno.
Each province is a world in itself. Together, they present a unique contrast of soaring mountains and glimmering coastlines. In Salerno, for example, Monte Polveracchio hosts one of the globe’s treasured wildlife preserves. A mere sixty kilometers to the east of Polveracchio, the Amalfi coast shifts to a breathtaking drop in altitude. Resort-like beaches, mysterious grottos (caves), and hauntingly blue water paint the coastline of Amalfi. The coast stretches north to Naples, the site of another monstrous panorama: the active volcano, Mount Vesuvius.
While the “highs” and “lows” of its landscape certainly intrigue the senses, Campania is known, in particular, for its gastronomical offerings. Many of Campania’s 5.8 million residents work to cultivate a flourishing agriculture-based economy. The region nearly corners the market on the production of tomatoes, figs, eggplants, and, of course, the celebrated Amalfi lemon. Additionally, for hundreds of years, Campania has been the central site of production for mozzarella cheese, famously trademarked as “Mozzarella di Bufala Campana.” It is hardly surprising, then, that the ancient Romans referred to Campania as Campania felix, roughly translated as “fertile countryside.”